Когато неопределeността ни плаши
Author(s): Katya Stoycheva, Kalina Popova
In an ambiguous situation frightening us
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Psychology
Published by: Институт за изследване на населението и човека - Българска академия на науките
Keywords: tolerance – intolerance of ambiguity; anxiety; danger of infection with coronavirus; measures to avoid the infection with coronavirus; measures to prevent the coronavirus spread.
Summary/Abstract: In March – May 2020, the Department of Psychology of the Institute for Population and Human Studies at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences conducted an empirical investigation of individuals’ stress and coping strategies in the situation of a spreading coronavirus infection. This is a new, unknown situation which challenges and frightens us with its ambiguity and uncertainty. Ambiguity tolerance is one of the personality characteristics that are relevant to individual behaviour in such a situation (Stoycheva 2003). The present paper examines the theoretical and methodological grounds for the inclusion of this variable into the investigation, and analyses the relationship of individual differences in tolerance – intolerance of ambiguity with some characteristics of the way Bulgarians experience the situation of a spreading coronavirus infection. Individuals with higher intolerance of ambiguity experience higher anxiety, but do not perceive the risk of coronavirus infection as greater. According to them, the measures introduced in the country are more adequate, and they comply more with them, both with the safety measures to avoid coronavirus infection and with the safety measures to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection. These results are discussed in the framework of the proposed theoretical model of the ambiguity intolerant behavior “threat - helplessness – failure to deal with” (Stoycheva 2003).
- Issue Year: 23/2020
- Issue No: 3
- Page Range: 33-51
- Page Count: 19
- Language: Bulgarian