Conceptual Motivations of Characters in Vazha Pshavela’s ,,Host and Guest’’ Cover Image

პერსონაჟთა ქცევის კონცეპტუალური მოტივაციები ვაჟა-ფშაველას „სტუმარ-მასპინძელში“
Conceptual Motivations of Characters in Vazha Pshavela’s ,,Host and Guest’’

Author(s): Manana Kvachantiradze
Subject(s): Theory of Literature, Georgian literature
Published by: ლიტერატურის ინსტიტუტის გამომცემლობა
Keywords: myth; conflict; law; subjective will;

Summary/Abstract: The conflict with community is only one reason of story development in Vazha Pshavela’s poem ,,Host and Guest’’. The same time deep inner unity with community is accentuated in the text (motivations of lonely fight of Jokhola and Aghaza suicide). By the means of this bipolar position tragical element is introduced in the poetry of Vazha Pshavela. The unity againsts which Vazha Pshavela’s characters straggle is structured only on the basis of enemy/friend opposition. The guarantee of united community is an image of the enemy. Having enemies is the first sign of ,,kai kma’’ (the concept of ,,kai kma’’ in Georgian language embodies ideal features of honorable man who loves freedom and is brave warrior). ,,being good’’ and ,,having enemies’’ are concepts with similar values. Jokhola as well as Zviadauri have enemies. Consequently could be claimed that Vazha’s characters are striving for humanizing customs and not for eliminating them. For them its important ethical degree of custom that will not reduce the idea of ,,kai kma’’ and will not harm their courage. Situation described in ,,Host and Guest’’ is so rare that community does not possess any relevant experience: ,,who had ever betrayed his guest, when it had ever happened among Kists?’’ Everything that is ethically and vitally valuable is happening among the three and by the three. The deed performed by these three is converted into myth or memory. These three are seen at night on the top of the rock. Taking into account fire and rock connotations we can speak about special time and space dimension – chronotopos which has been created by huge sacrifice that is the essence of life itself and belongs to special category of values.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 21
  • Language: Georgian