Consonant-vowel combinations in Czech words of foreign origin Cover Image
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Kombinace konsonantu s vokálem v českých slovech cizího původu
Consonant-vowel combinations in Czech words of foreign origin

Author(s): Aleš Bičan
Subject(s): Eastern Slavic Languages
Published by: Ústav pro jazyk český Akademie věd České republiky
Keywords: phonotactics; loanword; phonological corpus; Anglicism; expressive word

Summary/Abstract: Analyzing a corpus of over 36,000 words of foreign origin and 33,000 native words, the paper presents a detailed account and comparison of the distribution of consonant-vowel combinations in Czech. These combinations are discussed according to their vowel class. Both combinations typical for foreign-origin words and combinations typical for native words were found. In some cases, the typicality is predictable from the phonemes in the combinations (i.e. from the phonemes typical for either type of vocabulary), but there are many combination types for which this is not possible. The paper concludes with a discussion of the factors that may influence the distribution of consonant-vowel combinations, including sound changes, phoneme frequency, morphological processes, and universal preferences in the combinability of consonants with vowels. Special attention is paid to loanwords from English.

  • Issue Year: 81/2020
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 163-194
  • Page Count: 32
  • Language: Czech