Because change: on the Czech causal construction protože X ‘because X’ Cover Image

Protože změna: k české kauzální konstrukci protože X
Because change: on the Czech causal construction protože X ‘because X’

Author(s): Martin Konvička
Subject(s): Western Slavic Languages
Published by: AV ČR - Akademie věd České republiky - Ústav pro jazyk český
Keywords: because X; causal connective; ellipse; protože; social media; Twitter

Summary/Abstract: This paper presents the first qualitative analysis of the Czech causal construction protože X ‘because X’. First, against the backdrop of a number of earlier analyses of equivalent constructions in English, German, and Dutch, the article discusses the variability of the X slot of the Czech construction. Second, it is argued that although some instances of the construction are definitely elliptical,others are not, and generally categorising protože X as a case of ellipsis is therefore inadequate.The crucial distinction is made between reconstructing an ellipsis and expanding a non-ellipsis. Third,a brief sketch of the diachrony of the construction is presented. It is suggested that non-elliptical protože X constructions developed out of elliptical clauses with protože ‘because’. These elliptical instances of protože X can be found as early as in the 19th century. Finally, the Czech construction protože X is compared with its equivalents in English, German, and Dutch. Finally, further research questions are suggested.

  • Issue Year: 103/2020
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 243-263
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Czech