(Re)defining the complementary institution of Conditional release in Romania (2000-2019) Cover Image

(Re)defining the complementary institution of Conditional release in Romania (2000-2019)
(Re)defining the complementary institution of Conditional release in Romania (2000-2019)

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Author(s): Vladimir-Adrian Costea
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics and law, Penal Policy, Corruption - Transparency - Anti-Corruption
Published by: Editura Universităţii din Bucureşti
Keywords: Conditional release; redefining; criminal legislation; overcrowding; Romania;

Summary/Abstract: This article aims to investigate the legal and political evolution of the institution of Conditional release in Romania between 2000 and 2019 with a special focus on the abrupt changes during the mentioned period. The aim of this research consists in bringing together the redefining of the regulatory framework of Conditional release in relation to the dynamic political context and personal strategies used by the right-holder of individual liberation. Two important episodes need to be recalled for the redefinition of this concept: the establishment of the National Anticorruption Directorate; and the reform of criminal legislation, after Romania’s accession to the European Union. The general objective is to explain and understand the different stages in which liberation committees and courts of law have made use of the prerogative of dispensing conditional release, given the social role that the complementary institution of Conditional release within the institutional, territorial and functional scheme of the rule of law. I will show that amendments to criminal law, along with changes in court practice, have led to a reduction in the level of consistency between the decisions of the liberation committees and courts of law. Different legitimating strategies used by right holders are the main unexpected result of this research, as restrictive legal provisions apply to both decision levels.

  • Issue Year: 20/2020
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 55-86
  • Page Count: 32
  • Language: English