A Study on the Key Factors of Labor Migration and Willingness to Return to Rural Areas Using ANP: A Case Study of Western China Cover Image

A Study on the Key Factors of Labor Migration and Willingness to Return to Rural Areas Using ANP: A Case Study of Western China
A Study on the Key Factors of Labor Migration and Willingness to Return to Rural Areas Using ANP: A Case Study of Western China

Author(s): Zhihong TANG, Lun ZHAO, Xianyong Zhou
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Sociology, Migration Studies
Published by: Expert Projects Publishing
Keywords: ANP; rural areas; migrant workers; social development; labor migration; social structure; social capital; social network;

Summary/Abstract: As a result of the limitations of the development stage and the historical process, the existence of an urban-rural dual structure in China inevitably causes rural areas to fall into a cycle of labor loss, aging and low education levels, which leads to poverty and weakness and restricts further modernization in China. To solve the imbalance of urban and rural development and the loss of rural “nutrients”, many countries, including China, have successively proposed development strategies for rural revitalization. This study selected urban returnees from Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan Provinces as the objects of a questionnaire analysis. In this study, 231 valid questionnaires were collected from 300 samples, for a recovery rate of 77%. The results of the study are as follows. 1) The most important dimension in the assessment is that of external environment, followed by individuals and families and then social network. 2) Among the 12 evaluation indexes, the top five indicators that are most valued are hometown economy, age, value identity, hometown culture, and children or parents. According to these results, the authors put forward suggestions and hopes for exploring the policy requirements necessary to make the formulation and implementation of relevant supporting policies more in line with the actual needs.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 69
  • Page Range: 337-348
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: English