The PIE Adjectival Suffix *‑ṶENT‑ in Thracian and Slavic Cover Image
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Zum idg. Adjektivsuffix *-ṷent- im Thrakischen und Slavischen
The PIE Adjectival Suffix *‑ṶENT‑ in Thracian and Slavic

Author(s): Aleksandar Loma
Subject(s): Language studies, Language and Literature Studies, Morphology, Historical Linguistics, Comparative Linguistics, Philology
Published by: Институт за български език „Проф. Любомир Андрейчин“, Българска академия на науките
Keywords: Suffix * ṷent; Indo-Europaean; Thracian; Slavic; Comparative *vętjь ‘greater’

Summary/Abstract: The paper deals with possible traces of the Indo European adjective suffix * ṷent / * ṷn̥t in the onomastic remnants of Thracian and Slavic languages, some of them already attributed by Vladimir Georgiev (Thrac. Aps ýnth to the names of a tribe, their land, a river and a town in it to the north of the Thracian Chersonesos: ‘rich in aspen trees’; Thrac. epiclesis of Aphrodite Zēr ynthía: ‘rich in wild animals’, a kind of pótnia thērôn) and by the author himself (Gk Simó eis, entos, a river in Troad < Thrac. *zimo wenϑ = OInd. himá vant ‘snowy’ of mountains, here of a mountain stream, cf. Gk. *kheimá rhous ‘winter flowing’). To these instances the epiclesis of Hera Rhēsk ynthís is added, presumably deriving from the stem rēsk (also raisk , resk ) of unknown meaning but well attested in Thracian anthroponymy. As for the Slavic evidence, the adjective *bogovętъ ‘blessed’ (in the phrase ‘every blessed day’, only Serbo Croatian and Slovak) is taken into consideration as a possible counterpart to OInd. bhagavant , but the interpretation by Marta Bjeletić as a compound of *bogъ ‘God’ and *ęti ‘take’ seems more plausible. The remaining discussion focuses on the intriguing possibility that the Common Slavic comparative *vęt jь,vęt ьši suppletive to *velьjь ‘big, large, great’ is somewhat connected with * ṷent , either as arisen from the adjectives in * ṷent by the way of decomposition or inversely, as reflecting a root noun which was to become, by the way of composition, an adjective suffix known from other IE languages.

  • Issue Year: 59/2020
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 62-75
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: German