Environmental Injustices in European Climate Hotspots Cover Image

Environmental Injustices in European Climate Hotspots
Environmental Injustices in European Climate Hotspots

Author(s): Filip Mihai Alexandrescu, Ionuţ-Marian Anghel, Simona Maria Stănescu, Lucrina Ștefănescu, Alin Bogdan Pop
Subject(s): Environmental Geography, Environmental interactions
Published by: Editura Eikon
Keywords: climate edge; development projects; climate impacts; climate vulnerability; Europe; Environmental Justice Atlas;

Summary/Abstract: This paper starts from the observation that development projects that create various forms of environmental injustice in Europe are an integral part of the process of biospheric expulsions, that is of pushing out groups from adequate land, water or air, as described by Saskia Sassen (2014). Apart from the environmental, socio-economic and health-impacts of ecologically destructive projects, there is an added dimension of concern that has been less obvious in the past, but tends to become increasingly pronounced in a warming world. Is it possible that accumulating environmental inequalities and forms of injustice can create new and “unnatural” vulnerabilities to the projected climate change impacts? The fi rst question that we tackle is whether environmental justice confl icts in Europe tend to take place disproportionately in climate hotspot areas, which are geographic spaces with above-average social sensitivity, potential vulnerability, potential social impact, potential environmental impacts or response capacity (ESPON, 2011). The second question concerns the distribution of diff erent characteristics of projects and of their associated confl icts in climate hotspot vs. non-hotspot areas. The fi nal goal is to establish, at a preliminary level, the emergence of a climate edge in Europe, a spatial confi guration in which vulnerability to climate change impacts is shaped by processes of biospheric expulsion, as postulated at a general level by Sassen. For the analysis, the most current data on environmental justice confl icts (444) from the Environmental Justice Atlas and ESPON climate impact projections, mapped on the Climate Adapt platform, are used. The expected result is to provide a preliminary description of the postulated climate edge.

  • Issue Year: 17/2019
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 11-34
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: English