Nikolai Lossky and Fedor Dostoevsky: the Problem of Theodicy Cover Image
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Николай Лоски и Фьодор Достоевски: въпросът за Теодицеята
Nikolai Lossky and Fedor Dostoevsky: the Problem of Theodicy

Author(s): Nina Ivanova Dimitrova
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Philosophy, Social Sciences, Education, Psychology, History of Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Special Branches of Philosophy, Theology and Religion, 19th Century Philosophy, Contemporary Philosophy, Existentialism, Philosophy of Religion, Vocational Education, Adult Education, Higher Education , Psychology of Self, Eastern Orthodoxy, Inclusive Education / Inclusion, Sociology of Religion, History of Religion
Published by: Национално издателство за образование и наука „Аз-буки“
Keywords: Dostoevsky; theodicy; Nikolay Lossky; Leibniz; metaphysical personalism; substantive agents

Summary/Abstract: The article compares various interpretations of Dostoevsky's theodicy (“The Karamazov Brothers”) by Russian philosophers of the Silver Age generation. The focus of the research interest is focused on the views of Nikolai Lossky. A brief analysis of his philosophy – metaphysical personalism – is made, with particular attention being paid to the idea of the over-time of substantive agents. It is shown how this idea, borrowed from Leibniz, plays a decisive role in explaining the origin of evil and the meaning of the suffering of the innocent. A comparison is made between metaphysical personalism and Christian personalism, and the essential difference between them is indicated. Thus, the discrepancy between Lossky's approach and Dostoevsky's attitudes was also highlighted. The main idea of the article is to show the fundamental inability of rational solution of this problem.

  • Issue Year: 29/2020
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 119-131
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Bulgarian