The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of Saryg-Bulun (Tuva) Cover Image
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Уникальное захоронение ребенка раннескифского времени на могильнике Сарыг-Булун (Тува)
The Unique Burial of a Child of Early Scythian Time at the Cemetery of Saryg-Bulun (Tuva)

Author(s): Marina E. Kilunovskaya, Vladimir A. Semenov, Varvara S. Busova, Kharis Kharrasovich Mustafin, Irina Eduardovna Alborova, Alina D. Matzvai
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Social history, Gender history, Ancient World
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Tuva; Early Iron Age; early Scythian period; Aldy-Bel culture; barrow; burial in the coffin; mummy; fullgenome sequencing; aDNA

Summary/Abstract: In 1988, the Tuvan Archaeological Expedition (led by M. E. Kilunovskaya and V. A. Semenov) discovered a unique burial of the early Iron Age at Saryg-Bulun in Central Tuva. There are two burial mounds of the Aldy-Bel culture dated by 7 th century BC. Within the barrows, which adjoined one another, forming a figure-of-eight, there were discovered 7 burials, from which a representative collection of artifacts was recovered. Burial 5 was the most unique, it was found in a coffin made of a larch trunk, with a tightly closed lid. Due to the preservative properties of larch and lack of air access, the coffin contained a well-preserved mummy of a child with an accompanying set of grave goods. The interred individual retained the skin on his face and had a leather headdress painted with red pigment and a coat, sewn from jerboa fur. The coat was belted with a leather belt with bronze ornaments and buckles. Besides that, a leather quiver with arrows with the shafts decorated with painted ornaments, fully preserved battle pick and a bow were buried in the coffin. Unexpectedly, the full-genomic analysis, showed that the individual was female. This fact opens a new aspect in the study of the social history of the Scythian society and perhaps brings us back to the myth of the Amazons, discussed by Herodotus. Of course, this discovery is unique in its preservation for the Scythian culture of Tuva and requires careful study and conservation.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 379-406
  • Page Count: 28
  • Language: Russian