New plant names in the dialect of Highlanders Cover Image

Naujieji augalų pavadinimai aukštaičių tarmėje
New plant names in the dialect of Highlanders

Author(s): Aurelija Gritėnienė
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Lietuvių Kalbos Institutas
Keywords: Plant names; standard language; dialects; phonetic changes; word-building; variants

Summary/Abstract: The paper focuses on the analysis of new plant names collected and recorded by the author in the Dialect of Highlanders during several language expeditions in 1996–2006. The plant names in the dialect have evolved during the last decades. Their new origin has been confirmed by their absence in the Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language (Lietuvių kalbos žodynas) or the Dictionary of Contemporary Lithuanian (Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas). The plant names are not included into the Lithuanian Dictionary of Botany (Lietuviškas botanikos žodynas, 1938) either. The paper discusses new names with roots differing from the roots used in the standard language; the paper also analyses names with irregular phonetic changes, changes in the root or stem, differing accentuation or those characterised by specific word-building. The paper aims at identifying the impact of the standard language on people speaking dialect. The overview of the recorded data of new plant names in the Dialect of Highlanders has shown that the majority of names have spread into dialects from the standard language. This can be confirmed by their variability: alongside the new names (transferred from the standard language) sub-dialects also make use of other words (dialectal or loan words). When the old inherited name is forgotten, informants attempt to remember it and thus reproduce it in a changed form containing either a different suffix or a differing stem, or a different accentuation pattern. Some variants of the plant names used in the dialect originate in other languages. Some plant names used in the standard language come from dialects.

  • Issue Year: 2007
  • Issue No: 80
  • Page Range: 76-84
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Lithuanian