Alternation of Nominative and Instrumental Cases in Secondary Depictive Predicates Cover Image
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Конкуренція номінатива й інструменталя в оформленні вторинного депіктивного предиката
Alternation of Nominative and Instrumental Cases in Secondary Depictive Predicates

Author(s): Natalia V. Kobchenko
Subject(s): Eastern Slavic Languages, Philology
Published by: Slovanský ústav Akademie věd ČR, v. v. i. and Euroslavica
Keywords: secondary predication; depictive predicate; nominative; instrumental; Ukrainian language

Summary/Abstract: The paper deals with the observation of factors determining the case manifestation of an adjective functioning as a secondary depictive predicate of a subject controller in the Ukrainian language. An adjective of this function can be in both the nominative case (so-called agreed case) and instrumental case (so-called disagreed case). It has been showed that some of factors predetermining the case of an adjective in depictive predicate in Russian and Polish are relevant for Ukrainian as well. On the other hand, majority of these regularities are verified unsystematically or can never be used in Ukrainian. The analysis of language usage makes it evident that factors determining the case of the depictive predicate depend on the lexical-grammatical type of an adjective. If a depictive predicate is expressed by a qualitative adjective or a participle, the nominative case outnumbers over the instrumental fourfold. At that rate, their case manifestation is regulated by the semantic peculiarities of the main verb predicate, derivative transformations of a sentence or pragmatic factors relating to speaker’s intention. If a depictive predicate is expressed by an adjective of ordinal meaning, the instrumental case dominates (72% of usage). The reason of this fact is the language tendency to corresponding component function with its grammatical form. The instrumental case prevails for depictive predicate expressed by the demonstrative pronominal adjective такий as well (85% of usage). Case alternation for this adjective is connected with the actual division of an utterance.

  • Issue Year: LXXXIX/2020
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 43-58
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Ukrainian