The Position of Great Powers towards Montenegro in the Annexation Crisis Cover Image
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The Position of Great Powers towards Montenegro in the Annexation Crisis

Author(s): Saša Knežević
Subject(s): History
Published by: Историјски институт Црне Горe
Keywords: Montenegro, annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Great Powers, Congress of Berlin, Russia

Summary/Abstract: The official circles in Europe were surprised by the annexation and they immediately protested against the reach of an important international agreement. The Franco- German conflict, that before the annexation arose in Maroko, announced the danger of a German incursion. The territorial compensations to ontenegro and Serbia was the part of the Izvolsky programme for the conference. Some parts of European press wrote positivelyabout Montenegrin claims for compensations, andstarted seeing in them arrier to further advance of Austria-Hungary towards the East. Meanwhile the Montenegrin diplomats were makingthe round of the western European capitals,but with no much success. The Entente tried to lead the Montenegrin and Serbian Government into withdrawing the madeclaims. The principal argumentationwas reduced to the avoidance of war at any price at that moment. Article29 of the Treaty of Berlin laid serious restrictions on the sovereignty of Montenegro within her own territory. Aehrental ignored the question when makinghis plans for the annexation of Bosnia. But he was doubtless well ware that Italy was sensitive on this matter. The Austrian ministerin Cetinje, Baron Kuhn wasauthorized when e informed the prince of the annexation,to say that if Nicholas took a correct attitude towards the nnexation, Austria was prepared to grant him certainsubventions for the building of roads and to enter intonegotiation for the modification of Article 29. Price Nicholas continued to held out for a territorialconcession, in particular,he wanted Spizza,town which dominated the port of Antivari. But, in he final phase of the crisis Austria only consent to the alterations of Article 29. That was the benefit, onlyone but important, which Montenegro gained with help of Italianand British diplomacy.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 111-124
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Serbian