Several stamps of craft guilds of Bessarabia of the 19th century Cover Image

Câteva sigilii ale breslelor din Basarabia în secolul al XIX-lea
Several stamps of craft guilds of Bessarabia of the 19th century

Author(s): Mihai Melnic
Subject(s): Modern Age
Published by: Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei
Keywords: stamp; guild; Bessarabia; the modern era; sphragistics;

Summary/Abstract: The subject of this research is the nineteenth-century craft guilds of Bessarabia and their symbolism. The choice of the issue is dictated by the fact that the study of the organization of craft guilds through their corporate emblems, especially through the sphragistic sources, can contribute to a better understanding of the historical process. Although the stamps of guilds are known in relatively small number, yet their quantity far exceeds the number of other graphic sources relating to the life of craft institutions.The stamps of craft guilds serve as an informative illustration of the development of the regional economy, local professional associations and crafts of Bessarabia in general, and the capital city of Chişinău in particular, especially considering the fact that other types of graphic sources on the left-bank Moldova have not survived till nowadays.This study focuses on 12 stamps of guilds, the prints of which were identified in the collection of the National Archives of the Republic of Moldova. All of them belonged to the professional associations of the city of Chişinău of the Modern Era.

  • Issue Year: XIII/2019
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 137-144
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Romanian