“LJUBIČICE, I JA BIH TE BRALA ...“. “Women’s Society“ in the diary of Toško Vlahović Cover Image

“LJUBIČICE, I JA BIH TE BRALA ...“. “Women’s Society“ in the diary of Toško Vlahović

Author(s): Božica B. Mladenović
Subject(s): Gender Studies, Studies of Literature, Gender history
Published by: Istorijski institut, Beograd
Keywords: “Women’s Society”; Toško Vlahović; diary; Toplica uprising; resistance movement; 1917

Summary/Abstract: Toško Vlahović was a student of philosophy at the universities of St. Petersburg and Jena, the Chetnik duke and the commander of the detachment of Krajina in the Serbian resistance movement and Toplica uprising. In his war diary, he recorded impressions of the female part of the population of the Kingdom of Serbia during the occupation in the Great War (1915–1918). For members of the tenderer sex, girls and women, Vojvoda Vlahović used the term “ženske” which was then used in everyday life. The occupied Serbian society, which was to a certain extent divided, is presented realistically. Women and girls provided help and support to participants in the resistance movement and rebels, but there was also a small number of “chicks” who collaborated with the Bulgarian occupying authorities. This cooperation was reflected in the informative activities, i.e. reporting of compatriots for various “violations”. Vlahović witnessed the massive suffering of the civilian population during the criminal expedition of the troops of the Central Powers, which followed the breakup of the uprising movement. In the diary he recorded the pain and suffering of girls, women (younger, middleaged, and elderly). Women were victims of abuse of Bulgarian soldiers and komitadji. But, sometimes, members of the Serbian resistance movement were also abusers. Women were raped, beaten, mistreated, sometimes killed. Toško Vlahović’s notebooks were written in difficult times, when the imperative was to survive. Life turned into a continuous and merciless struggle for the preservation of bare existence. In this fight, at times, the “goals”, “patriotism”, “the fatherland” were forgotten... This makes this historical source valuable. The diary is accurate, realistic, picturesque. The author, using the richness of the examples of the “deviations from the rule”, illustratively presents the dark and bright side of the life of the “Women’s Society” during the occupation.

  • Issue Year: 2019
  • Issue No: 68
  • Page Range: 415-429
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Serbian