Eutanasia între incriminare şi decriminalizare

Author(s): Andrada Nour
Subject(s): Criminal Law
Published by: Editura Hamangiu S.R.L.
Keywords: euthanasia; medical assisted suicide; capital punishment; legalization; regulation;

Summary/Abstract: Right to life, the right to health and the right to autonomy is the fundamental human rights, making the object of regulating the most important international documents. In this context, one of the most controversial themes in the history of mankind, which has spawned a plethora of polemics, is the criminalization or decriminalization of euthanasia. In an attempt to clarify the issue of euthanasia, in several European countries it was considered as deliberate murder committed on request hire criminal liability of the author, but gives it the mitigating circumstances. Nowadays, in Europe, only the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg have legislated euthanasia. In Romania, the Criminal Code provides for the punishment of euthanasia as a form of manslaughter mitigated, generating an intense concern over eventualitatii full legalization of euthanasia, as well as of the consequences arising from this. From the moment that would have legalized euthanasia, there is a risk that it will mutate into a form of alternative medical treatment, in particular for certain categories of patients, leading to deterioration or even destruction of fundamental human values. Euthanasia is not just an act that put an end to the life of a sick deliberately in order to release his suffering occasioned by the disease. Medically assisted suicide has led to the death of a patient following the ' aid ' granted by a health care professional. In fact, regardless of motivation, euthanasia or medically assisted suicide equates to a homicide. But it can ever be shown to kill, even with the intent to take her pain and suffering?

  • Issue Year: I/2013
  • Issue No: I
  • Page Range: 346-354
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Romanian