False as a Moral Evil in the History of Culture Cover Image

Неправда як моральне зло в історії культури
False as a Moral Evil in the History of Culture

Author(s): Olena Viktorivna Kunderevich
Subject(s): Cultural history, Metaphysics, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Social Philosophy, Culture and social structure , Phenomenology
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: the phenomenon of lies; moral evil; aggression; fear; moral nature; cultural history; responsibility; public consciousness; self-consciousness; freedom;

Summary/Abstract: The purpose of the article is the analysis of varieties of moral evil and projects of their implementation in the history of culture, as well as the phenomenon of lies as a manifestation of moral evil, the analysis of ways of mankind exit on the path of purely personal responsibility, which leads to the development and improvement of personality. The research methodology is based on the application of general scientific and special methods of cognition, in particular: analysis, synthesis, the logical method and the method of generalizations. Scientific novelty consists in proposing methodological approaches, summarizing the fundamental positions in understanding the phenomenon of lies (metaphysical and instrumental concept) when analyzing the history of philosophical and cultural interpretations of this phenomenon. Conclusions. In response to the conditions of the surrounding world, people create the basis for understanding reality, which is reflected in the memory of a common culture. For centuries, the paradigm of "moral protection" of oneself from the world, the government, competitors, etc. have been created. through the mechanisms of lies, deception, lies, which was based on the phenomenon of fear. The aggression inherited from distant ancestors is one of the necessary qualities of all living things, but the task of culture is to reorient aggressive impulses to a socially useful course.