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Животните, човекът и хранителният код
Animal world, Man and the Food Code

Author(s): Maria Markova
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The theme of the deliberate feeding of animals by man reflects the possibility of cultural involvement in natural food regimes through matters, which are taboos for people and/or their dishes (their elements). What the Bulgarian does not eat himself, he offers to the wild beast of prey (manure, mud, Christmas ashes), to the household omnivorous animals (mostly slops, but also fatty remains from the human table), to the farm animals (clean human food waste). By his fatty dish, man associates the nature of the carnivores, but in the form of remains and slops he offers it only to pigs and fowl. Boiled grains and beans predominate in the feed of bears, mice and poultry, yeast-free bread – of dogs, and the combination of the two colours the feed of the stock; by his meat dish man has no effect on wild omnivores. Salt and bread are no feed for the bear and the mouse, and rarely and partially feature in the food of wild beasts of prey, the household pig, fowl and dog. Hot foods either have no relation to the outlined food regimens or operate as an apotropaic element of symmetric beings. Bulgarians only use the complete set of salt, bread and hot onions and garlic for their stock and partially for doe and deer. The animals truly domesticated by man are the herbivorous. On the opposite pole are the wild beasts of prey, whose nature does not allow their “domestication” by way of the dishes of the social realm. Through the means of the culinary code, people keep them and the omnivorous animals to their borderline position in the organized Cosmos. In this way, by the image of animal feeding, Bulgarians code the cosmic strata in visible space.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 37-56
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Bulgarian