Jewish Matseva as an Object of Kremenets Artistic Heritage Cover Image

Єврейські мацейви як об’єкт мистецької спадщини Кременця
Jewish Matseva as an Object of Kremenets Artistic Heritage

Author(s): Oleksandra Georgiyivna Panfilova
Subject(s): Cultural history, Jewish studies, Visual Arts, 18th Century, 19th Century, History of Art
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: cultural heritage; synagogue; Jews; memorial plastic; symbols;

Summary/Abstract: The purpose of the article consists of explaining and analysing the compositional ways and peculiarities of plastic images of the facades of the gravestones in Kremenets – one of the Volyn areas of the Jewish culture in the XVIIIth – at the beginning of the XIXth century. The methodology of the investigation is based on the application of culturological, retrospective methods and critical analysis. Scientific Novelty. For the first time, it is cleared up and analyzed the artistic and style peculiarities of the memorial plastic arts of Jewish cemetery in Kremenets and are explicated the main factors that influenced on them. Conclusions. So, we can sum up that symmetrical compositions dominate in epitaph carving of the Kremenets tombstones. A lot of ideas connected with the meaningfulness of death in the Jewish cultural tradition found their expression in the epitaphs of the Kremenets matsevas. A good few patterns were used in the architecture and Ukrainian arts-and-crafts in the baroque period. It’s determined that in the process of a long artistic practice national peculiarities of decorative carving were formatted which corresponded to esthetic requirements of the Jews and ensured the following to their religious rituals.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 40
  • Page Range: 197-204
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Ukrainian