On Science and Pseudoscience in Museum Studies Cover Image

Про науку і псевдонауку в музеєзнавстві
On Science and Pseudoscience in Museum Studies

Author(s): Serhii Borisovich Rudenko
Subject(s): Museology & Heritage Studies, Philosophy of Science, Methodology and research technology
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: science; pseudoscience; problem of demarcation; museum studies; museology; simulation of science; theory of museum studies; history in museum studies; applied museum studies; methodology of museum st;

Summary/Abstract: Purpose of the article. To find demarcation between science and pseudoscience in museum science. Methodology. Problem approach, falsifiability and Criticism of Karl Popper. Scientific novelty. Shown main scientific problems of museum studies. Clarified criterions of scientific value in museum studies. Bring to light directions of pseudo-research in museum studies. Proposed welldefined criterions of identification of imitative works in museum field Conclusions. Museum studies are in crisis now. It is because of lack criticism. There are not enough of bold refutation of existing theories and brave conjectures in museum studies. The main scientific problem of museum studies – social and cultural use and institutional specific of museum – investigated weak. If scientific museum studies is weak – pseudo science become strong. It can replace true science. So it is necessary to resist of pseudo research in museum studies. Pseudoscience is simulation of truly science in the way of avoiding of scientific problems, no matter what kind – theoretical, applied, historical. Simulation of scientific work is hiding in Polichinelle’s museography, superficially hyperbolizing of technical things of museum everyday work, fake interdisciplinarity, predicant texts on museum topics, «idolatry» of multimedia and museum entertainment technologies, descriptional works for «dark» common public. Indicator of pseudoscience is remiss in formal structure of scientific texts: absent of problem, introduction and conclusion don’t connected with the main part of «scientific work» etc.