Reforms and Educational Governance in Poland Cover Image

Oktatási reformok és tanügyigazgatás Lengyelországban
Reforms and Educational Governance in Poland

Author(s): Kristóf Velkey
Subject(s): State/Government and Education
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: Polish Education System; Education governance; decentralisation; accountability

Summary/Abstract: The study presents the various changes in the governance of the Polish education system. It focuses on how the division of responsibilities between the state and local governments changed and what factors have shaped it over the past thirty years. After 1990 the local governments gradually took over the maintenance of elementary and secondary schools from the state, while the role of the regional public education management body, the kuratorium oświaty, which was responsible for the maintenance before was transformed parallelly. During the 1999 whole system education reform the relationship and responsibilities of the kuratoriums and local governments were not defined clearly. The local governments, which were initially responsible mainly for maintenance tasks, became increasingly responsible for the quality of education, which was originally the responsibility of the kuratoriums. At the same time the authority and responsibilities of the latter were further reduced in the 2000s, their dissolution came up as well. In 2015, however, another systemic education reform was launched, revolutionizing the process. The current government is strengthening the role of the state in educational governance by broadening the responsibilities of kuratoriums.

  • Issue Year: 28/2019
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 314-327
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Hungarian