Sin Chae-ho, Historical Science and Nationalism (On the Origin of Korean Historiography) Cover Image

Син Чхэ Хо, историческая наука и национализм (об истоках современной историографии Кореи)
Sin Chae-ho, Historical Science and Nationalism (On the Origin of Korean Historiography)

Author(s): Dmitry Evgenievich Martynov, A. A. Alikberova
Subject(s): Ethnohistory, Recent History (1900 till today), Nationalism Studies, 19th Century
Published by: Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет
Keywords: Korean History; Korea’s Historiography; Sin Chae-ho; Lee Ki-baik; Liang Qichao; Expansionism; Colonialism; Gojoseon; Nationalism;

Summary/Abstract: The paper is devoted to the historical works of the outstanding Korean enlightener Sin Chae-ho (1880–1936). His position was fundamentally uncompromising; after the Japanese annexation of Korea in 1910, he never came back to its territory. In the period of 1905–1910, he published a number of historical works in which he outlined his own methodology. As an activist of the Korean liberation movement, Sin Chae-ho was an apologist for nationalist historiography. He regarded the historical process as a struggle between “we” and “not-we” and the nation as a whole was recognized as its subject. Its main task was the awakening of the national spirit, the awakening of the Korean nation, and the search for its deep historical roots and the independence of the history of Korea from the history of China. In line with the theses on the struggle of races, Sin Chae-ho based his ideas on the theories by the outstanding Chinese historian Liang Qichao (1873–1929) about the struggle between “historical” and “non-historical” nations. An indicator of the attitude toward historical people is external expansion. However, Koreans were unique, because they are directed outward against the traitors of the homeland and the “universalists” that consistently suppressed the national spirit. In modern Korea, Sin Chae-ho is recognized as one of the founders of national historiography; Lee Ki-baik creatively developed many of his views.

  • Issue Year: 160/2018
  • Issue No: 6
  • Page Range: 1487-1498
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Russian