The “fall in condemnation” of a Wallachian deputy. The exile of Ion Câmpineanu (1840-1841) Cover Image
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„Căderea în osândă” a unui deputat muntean. Exilul lui Ion Câmpineanu (1840-1841)
The “fall in condemnation” of a Wallachian deputy. The exile of Ion Câmpineanu (1840-1841)

Author(s): Cosmin Mihuţ
Subject(s): History, Political history, Social history, 19th Century
Published by: Editura Universităţii »Alexandru Ioan Cuza« din Iaşi
Keywords: treason; punishment; the authority of law; political order; obedience; Ion Câmpineanu

Summary/Abstract: Our text focuses on the manner in which Ion Câmpineanu and the members of his political group were punished for their demarches for national emancipation. In this context, we aimed to analyze the interesting transformation of the way in which the act of disobedience towards the Prince was perceived and judged during the period of the Organic Regulation. Before the forth decade of the nineteenth century, the means through which boyars “rebelled” against the Prince were the memoirs addressed to the Porte and to Russia or leaving the country, thus becoming traitors. In the case of Câmpineanu, the delict was not of this sort, but consisted in a political program with national objectives that aimed to free the country from the Russian protectorate. In this matter, the ancient prerogative of the Prince to punish and forgive seemed to be suspended and was assumed by Russia. Traditionally, those accountable for this crime could reenter the political life through a plea to the Prince mercy, which had the power to erase any guilt. However, being condemned to exile, Câmpineanu desired to be judged for his alleged delict, under the norms of the Organic Regulation and the stipulations of the Treaties between the two Powers. Thus, our goal was also to analyze the relation between these approaches towards the authority of law, in a period of transition from certain principles and rules to others, in the context of a profound reformation of the state.

  • Issue Year: 2019
  • Issue No: 65
  • Page Range: 497-511
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Romanian