The role of the US – THEM opposition in structuring the conceptual sphere of “cognitive activity” Cover Image

Роль оппозиции свой/чужой в организации концептосферы «когнитивная деятельность»
The role of the US – THEM opposition in structuring the conceptual sphere of “cognitive activity”

Author(s): Elena Rudenko
Subject(s): Language studies, Language and Literature Studies, Applied Linguistics, Cognitive linguistics, Philology
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej
Keywords: us vs. them; conceptual sphere; naming; mental processes; conceptualization; cognitive processes; cognitive onomasiology; conceptual metaphor; contemporary Byelorussian; Old Byelorussian

Summary/Abstract: The article deals with motivation in the naming of mental processes. In particular, it is concerned with conceptual metaphor and the competition of various models of conceptualization. The data are Byelorussian and Old-Byelorussian verbs. The starting point is the assumption that the naming of intellectual processes is primarily motivated by three meanings: ‘have’, ‘give’ and ‘take’. The last of the three is the most widespread in the system of the nomination of cognitive activity. The article also contains a juxtaposition of the postulates of cognitive onomasiology and diachronic cognitive onomasiology. A discussion is offered, too, of the competition between conceptual metaphors in the synchronic and diachronic aspect. The following conclusions are drawn: conceptual models reappear at different levels of development of a language. They also appear in related languages but rarely replace other models.

  • Issue Year: 19/2007
  • Issue No: 19
  • Page Range: 203-210
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Russian