Трансформация шекспировских образов в творчестве Б. Л. Пастернака 1910–1920-х гг.
The Transformation of Shakespeare’s Images in Pasternak’s Works of 1910s–1920s
Subject(s): Comparative Study of Literature, Russian Literature, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), Theory of Literature, British Literature
Published by: Петрозаводский государственный университет
Keywords: B. Pasternak; Shakespeare; biography of the poet; Macbeth’s witches; Hamlet; Birnam Forest; eternal images; plot’s transformation;
Summary/Abstract: The urgency of the work lies in the fact that English culture and literary tradition were significant in the life and creative development of Pasternak. The article is devoted to the problem of interaction of Russian and English literatures in the Boris Pasternak’s works. It deals with the facts of direct appeal of the poet to the creative heritage of English poets and playwrights, special attention is paid to the images of Shakespeare’s tragedies, which manifested not only in the poet’s correspondence with his relatives, but also in the poems (The Decade of Presny, Shakespeare, English Lessons etc.) and in the novel Doctor Zhivago. The images of Shakespeare’s tragedies (Macbet’s witches, Ophelia, Desdemona, Birnam forest) allow Pasternak to describe the events taking place in the family and in the country in whole. They become the topic of Pasternak’s literary-critical articles (Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (on behalf of the translator), Notes on Shakespeare, etc.). They express not only the understanding of the main images of his works, the interpretation of their conflicts and Pasternak’s observations on Shakespeare’s style, but also the reasoning about his own method of translating. Thus, the Pasternak was under the influence of Shakespeare’s style long before working upon the translations of his plays.
- Issue Year: 16/2018
- Issue No: 4
- Page Range: 174-194
- Page Count: 21
- Language: Russian