Practical implications of modern penological approach to the institutional treatment of convicts Cover Image

Practical implications of modern penological approach to the institutional treatment of convicts

Author(s): Ljeposava Ilijić
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Sociology, Criminology, Substance abuse and addiction, Penology, Social Norms / Social Control
Keywords: convicts; risk and needs assessment; specialized treatment;

Summary/Abstract: The development of society has led to the development of new ideas and concepts in the field of penological theory and practice. The earlier concept of resocialization, although not completely abandoned, gave way to a new concept-the concept of reintegration to offenders who are focused on risk control development. The practical implications of the new approach to institutional treatment are reflected in a different approach to prison management, a different approach to the convicted population, a multiple classification, and the realization of numerous programs designed according to the individual needs of the convict and the estimated level of risk. The convict is viewed as an individual who has a certain risk for future criminal behavior, and appropriate treatment needs that level of risk to alleviate, or completely eliminate, in order to better protect the community and better social reintegration of the offender. Identifying dynamic and static risk factors, as well as constructing assessment which in practical work allow a good prediction of future criminal behavior, the level of prisoners' needs and the capacity to strengthen, served as a good basis for practical treatment in institutional work. In this paper, in addition to presenting contemporary penological tendencies and the concept of risk assessment, the author also looks at the characteristics of specialized treatments intended for the prisoners who are addicts of psychoactive substances. Bearing in mind that the use of psychoactive substances is a risk factor for future criminal behavior, but also the fact that one can not strive for the successful execution of a prison sentence, if the problem of addiction is over, the author in this paper draws attention to some modalities of specialized treatments that are intended for this population and applied in the practice of developed countrie.

  • Issue Year: II/2017
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 362-371
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian