Citations in law and convention for annotations Cover Image

Rozměry citací v právu a anotační konvence
Citations in law and convention for annotations

Author(s): Jakub Harašta, Jakub Míšek, Monika Hanych, Pavel Loutocký, Michal Malaník, Jaromír Šavelka, Markéta Štěpáníková, Matěj Myška
Subject(s): Civil Law, Methodology and research technology, ICT Information and Communications Technologies, Court case
Published by: Masarykova univerzita nakladatelství
Keywords: Citation analysis; Case law; Legal Informatics; Reference;

Summary/Abstract: The paper presents a methodology for carrying out citation analysis of the Czech case law as a tool which enables gaining more accurate understanding of how the Czech courts operate with references to other decisions and documents for the sake of their argumentation. The presented methodology describes a reference as textual element consisting of four constituents. These are: SOURCE, TARGET, ARGUMENT and POLARITY. We claim that using these constituents it is possible to thoroughly describe both quantitative and qualitative characteristics of reference, and thus to meaningfully research them, too. Each of these constituents is further internally structured to enable (1) to overcome the shortcomings of current citation practice of Czech courts and (2) to obtain the most information possible from the reference for further analysis. The detailed structure of each constituent is described and justified within the paper. Challenges for further research on citation analysis are expressed in the conclusion of the paper. The introduced categories are ideal and not universally applicable for any kind of research. However, they are formulated in a way that allows their implementation for both qualitative and quantitative types of research focused on the role of citations in the case law and jurisprudence in general.

  • Issue Year: 8/2017
  • Issue No: 15
  • Page Range: 51-73
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Czech