Life Inside the Boundaries of the Culture Cover Image

Život u granicama kulture
Life Inside the Boundaries of the Culture

Author(s): Ivan Cifrić
Subject(s): Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Social Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Culture and social structure , Human Ecology, Sociology of Culture, Ontology
Published by: Филозофски факултет, Универзитет у Новом Саду
Keywords: Anthropobiotic Ecumene; Biosphere; Boundary; Culture; System; Laws of Ecodynamics; Life;

Summary/Abstract: The article poses the question of „boundaries“ of life. The term life refers to that which is organic, and to culture (society) which has its own „life expectancy“ aswell. Discourse on life of the cultures is relevant to their own relation to life, and hence for the bioethical question. The author begins with thesis that every culture forms its own relation towards biological life and other cultures, setting therefore the different boundaries during the course of history. Boundaries refers to limitations of life conditions of the animal world, but also to limitations of human’s life – freedom inside the culture and freedom of autonomic progress of the cultures (societies). Limitations of life are not lessening within democratic society. In that context, three theses are being explored: (1) Thanks to the science and technique, boundary of life becomes movable, so that man lives longer. At the same time, cultural imperialism shortens or jeopardizes life of many cultures (societies); (2) The degree of the control over life (by ecological conditions and social conditions) is being increased. The most powerful are those techniques and large international systems which prescribe regimes of life as limitations of life. (3) Global ecosystem is maintained thanks to the numerous ecosystems being intertwined. It tends to preserve its structure and stability (laws of ecodynamics opposite to law of thermodynamics – entropy). The consequences of boundaries are (1) man’s physical and mental accommodation to systems of life control in everyday life, in function of accepting the prescribed limits; (2) minimizing of the cultural diversity and global social imbalance; (3) inquiring and critique of the state of the society (system), instead of questioning the society (system) as such.

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 12
  • Page Range: 69-83
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Croatian