The Theology of Early nyāya Cover Image

A korai njája istenképe
The Theology of Early nyāya

Author(s): Sándor Pajor
Subject(s): Philosophy, Non-European Philosophy, Theology and Religion, History of Religion
Published by: Károli Gáspár Református Egyetem
Keywords: nyāya; theology; argument for the existence of God; concept of God; nyāya-sūtra; nyāya-bāṣya; nyāya-vārttika

Summary/Abstract: This paper presents the theology of early nyāya, more precisely the theology of the Nyāyasūtra, Nyāya-bhāṣya, and Nyāya-vārttika. In the Nyāya-sūtra we find an argument for the existence of God which is quite probably the most ancient such argument in the history of Indian philosophy. This fragment – only three sentences long – outlines the concept of God as it is expounded in the commentaries. According to Nyāya, there must be a God who ensures that each individual’s karma produces the proper fruit. We also learn that God is a particular kind of soul, differing in its attributes from human souls.

  • Issue Year: XI/2019
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 24-36
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Hungarian