Characteristics of thermal injuries in children Cover Image

Характеристики на изгарянията в детска възраст
Characteristics of thermal injuries in children

Author(s): Emiliya Kaisheva, Dobrinka Radoinova, Jolanda Zaiakova
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Sociology, Health and medicine and law
Published by: Издателство на Медицински университет “Проф. д-р П. Стоянов“ - Варна
Keywords: thermal injury; children; thermal factors

Summary/Abstract: The purpose of our study was to identify and determine the characteristics of the factors that are significant for the development of thermal injuries in children: the causing agent, the suffering organism, the environment; in order to prevent these severe and sometimes fatal cases. We used data from patients’ histories (aged < 18 years) admitted to the Clinic of Thermal Traumas and Plastic-Restorative and Aesthetic Surgery at the Military Hospital – Varna for a 5 years period (2011-2015). During this period, 565 children with thermal injuries were treated in the clinic (221 girls/39.1% and 344 boys/60.9%). Two of the cases had a fatal outcome. The most common cases included hot water or other liquid burns (367/65%); there were far less cases of contact or flame burns: 109 (19.4%) and 55 (9.85%). In more than three quarters of the cases, the burns affected less than 10% of the total body surface area. It is advisable to analyse the obtained results in order to help develop a program aimed at reducing the severity of these cases from a medical, forensic, social and economic point of view.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 3-4
  • Page Range: 31-35
  • Page Count: 5
  • Language: Bulgarian