Financing of Secondary Education in Germany and Bulgaria – Comparative Analysis Cover Image
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Финансиране на средното образование в Германия и България. Сравнителен анализ
Financing of Secondary Education in Germany and Bulgaria – Comparative Analysis

Author(s): Yoana Minova
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Education, Preschool education, School education, Vocational Education, Adult Education, Higher Education , Educational Psychology
Published by: Национално издателство за образование и наука „Аз-буки“
Keywords: secondary education; finance; benchmarking; Bulgaria; Germany

Summary/Abstract: The article aims to present the educational systems of Germany and Bulgaria and a comparative analysis between the two countries based on the main elements in their systems. The following themes are reviewed and compared:– Organization of the two educational systems, connected with the development of secondary education; – Policies implemented in secondary education;– Ways of financing.In both countries, education is managed and funded by the Ministry of Education. The Ministry is also responsible for the school structure, its financial management, setting the borders of the implemented school plans and their content, as well as the range and particular form of the school curricula.The main source of financing for education systems is the state budget. However, while in Germany around 5% of the gross national product is allocated for secondary education support, in Bulgaria the percentage is only 3.4 %. Municipalities receive funds for schools from the state budget, depending on their population and socio-demographic structure and then distribute them to the schools The two countries apply a system of delegated budgets in funding education, which is a main tool for financial support. The tendency in the educational systems of both countries is securing equal opportunities for education access and increasing its quality. Difference between these systems is the approach of funding private schools. In Germany they receive financial support – around 4 % of GDP, which is equal to a grant of around 3000 Euros per student. In Bulgaria private school budgets consists mainly of the fees paid.

  • Issue Year: 87/2015
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 404-416
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Bulgarian