Dynamics of Salmonella Transmission Using Compartmental Models Cover Image

Dynamics of Salmonella Transmission Using Compartmental Models
Dynamics of Salmonella Transmission Using Compartmental Models

Author(s): Mihai ILEA, Andrei GHEORGHIŢĂ, Marius TURNEA
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Education, Higher Education
Published by: ”Carol I” National Defence University Publishing House
Keywords: mathematical model; Salmonella; pathogen dynamics; dynamic of transmission; GUI;

Summary/Abstract: Salmonella is a zoonotic disease that is transmitted from animal products by contact with sick animals or the environments where these animals are living. The mathematical model of transmission disease improves the students’ understanding of pathogen dynamics, the role of factors that influence the transmission and control of a specific pathogen and the trend of antimicrobial resistance for this pathogen. The tendency to increase of resistance of Salmonella to antibiotic and combination of antibiotics suggest that models are useful in simulation of different scenarios for dynamic of transmission of this disease. There are two main Salmonella types: Typhimurium serotype and Enteritidis serotype. Both types are included in the software toolbox in a tutorial and interactive manners. The three models of Salmonella compartmental are presented in friendly manner to user with possibility to automatically generation of system equations using built-in templates. Tools that calculate the R0 number and stability analysis are provided as modules in order to evaluate how the experimental data are fit to model or to evaluate the influence of constant coefficients over mathematical model. Because Salmonella typhi bacteria is responsible for a communicable disease, Typhoid fever, an optional module is append to main software in order to give to student the possibility to improve the knowledge with mathematical model of this disease as direct result of a particular bacteria from a larger group of bacteria. The educational software has a friendly GUI (Graphic User Interface) that help student to understand better the dynamic of a specific pathogen modeled by class of larger mathematical models, the compartmental models.

  • Issue Year: 3/2019
  • Issue No: 15
  • Page Range: 299-306
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: English