"Korošec Flogging the Railway Workers" - (Minister of Transport Anton Korošec and the 1920 Railway Strike) Cover Image

"Korošec vihti bič nad železničarji" (Stavka železničarjev leta 1920 in minister za promet Anton Korošec)
"Korošec Flogging the Railway Workers" - (Minister of Transport Anton Korošec and the 1920 Railway Strike)

Author(s): Mateja Ratej
Subject(s): Governance, Political history, Labor relations, Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), Sociology of Politics, Transport / Logistics
Published by: Inštitut za novejšo zgodovino
Keywords: Kingdom of SHS; Slovenia; strikes; Anton Korošec; railway workers; labour movement; communists;

Summary/Abstract: In the following discussion the author focuses on the role of Anton Korošec in the railway strike of April 1920, when as a Head of the Slovenian People's Party he was the Minister of Transport in Stojan Protić's government. After the government of the Kingdom of SHS abolished the collective labour agreement for transport workers, in April 1920 transport all over the state was brought to a halt by a railway strike. The workers on strike were joined by the communists, who saw the mobilisation of the workers as a strong political potential. In the years after the establishment of the Kingdom, the communists represented an influential political factor. In November of the same year, after the Constituent Assembly elections, they became the third most powerful party in the country. On 24 April the strike on the streets of Ljubljana transcended any democratic norms. After the police and military intervention, 13 workers died on the Zaloška cesta street. A few days before that, at the assembly of the Slovenian People's Party confidants in Ljubljana, Korošec had cautioned against the danger of the communist movement, while during the strike he refused to communicate with the railway representatives, claiming that the strike was illegal - that is, unannounced.

  • Issue Year: 50/2010
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 27-38
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Slovenian