Changes of the Lebanese Muslim Ummah in the 1950s–1960s: Assessments of Western Diplomats Cover Image

Трансформация ливанской уммы в 50–60-х годах XX века: оценки западных дипломатов
Changes of the Lebanese Muslim Ummah in the 1950s–1960s: Assessments of Western Diplomats

Author(s): A. V. Sarabiev
Subject(s): Diplomatic history, Political history, Islam studies, Post-War period (1950 - 1989), Inter-Ethnic Relations
Published by: Казанский (Приволжский) федеральный университет
Keywords: Lebanon; Muslims; Arab ummah; political rights; inter-confessional relations; British diplomats; Swiss diplomats; confessionalism;

Summary/Abstract: The third quarter of the 20th century was marked for Lebanese Muslims by disappointment in the possibility of strengthening their positions after the period of the French mandate, when, in their view, the most important socio-political privileges were occupied by Lebanese Catholic Christians. The Sunnis’ position in the Lebanese political field was determined by the adherence to the ideas of Arabism and the unity of the Arab ummah, ideas which could not be sufficiently shared by Christian politicians – even adherents of explicit pro-Arab orientation. The Shi‘ite notables were at the stage of formation of their political demands, so they largely associated themselves with the Sunnis and they supported those Christian politicians who less hampered the political participation of the Muslims of Lebanon at the level of state administration. Behind the turbulent political space of Lebanon, as well as neighboring Syria, Western diplomats watched closely, trying not to lose sight of the contradictions between the religious communities, traditionally considering them as possible objects of their efforts.

  • Issue Year: 159/2017
  • Issue No: 6
  • Page Range: 1541-1555
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Russian