Russian Emigré and Soviet Intelligence in Shanghai. 1945–1949 Cover Image

Российская эмиграция и советская разведка в Шанхае (1945–1949 гг.)
Russian Emigré and Soviet Intelligence in Shanghai. 1945–1949

Author(s): Sun Yizhi
Subject(s): Diplomatic history, Social history, Security and defense, Studies in violence and power, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Migration Studies
Published by: Издательство Исторического факультета СПбГУ
Keywords: Soviet intelligence; White émigré; Shanghai; Kuomintang; Republic of China; Sino-Russian relations;

Summary/Abstract: This article investigates the history of Russian émigrés and Soviet intelligence personnel in Shanghai in 1945–1949. Using historical documents recently discovered in the Shanghai Municipal Archives (S.M.A.), the author analyzes the activities of Soviet and Shanghai intelligence and counterintelligence officers connected with Russian emigres. The early postwar period witnessed extensive growth in the activities of Soviet intelligence personnel in three directions: information gathering from the officer corps of the US Army by Soviet female spies; agitation and involving Russian emigrants in activities serving the needs of Soviets and imposing control on Russian’s organizations in Shanghai; and attempts to take control over he religious life of Russian emigres. In the early postwar period, the Chinese Government treated Russian emigres negatively because of the massive support they had given to the Japanese government during the war. However, they changed their position because of the growth of Soviet influence in Shanghai. A turning point was the Soviet government’s appeal to them to return to the motherland in an address to Soviet citizens in China from June 30, June 1947. The Shanghai authorities, headed by the Mayor of Shanghai Wu Guozheng, and Chiefs of Police Xuan Tiewu and Yu Shuping, took active counterintelligence measures against the growth of Soviet influence, which resulted in a considerable loss to Soviet agitation.

  • Issue Year: 9/2019
  • Issue No: 26
  • Page Range: 156-172
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Russian