Organized Crime as Social Phenomenon and Security Challenge Cover Image

Organizirani kriminal kao društveni fenomen1 i sigurnosni izazov
Organized Crime as Social Phenomenon and Security Challenge

Author(s): Mirza Smajić
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Fakultet političkih nauka - Univerzitet u Sarajevu
Keywords: organised crime; security; trafficking in human beings; corruption; terrorism

Summary/Abstract: The development of international relations, after the bipolar world order, has been characterised by significant changes in geostrategic, geo-economic, and cultural environment. Opening of state borders, more dynamic exchange of information, human resources, material goods, economies, capital, and cultural exchange, with an accent on the improvement of cross-civilisation dialog has, at the same time, influenced an expansion of negative side effects such as organised crime. The process of internationalisation of organised crime is an inevitable reality which recognises no state borders, skin colour, religion, or nationality. Based on this reality, organised crime groups are able to operate in different countries. To paraphrase James Rosenau, organised crime groups, in terms of international relations, can be treated as new actors with “no sovereignty”. Moreover, organised crime, as a modern socio-pathological category, is not only a subject of contemporary debates in scientific and professional circles, but thanks to its structure, volume, and the power of influence, organised crime is a subject of concern at the highest state levels as well. The spread of organised crime as a social category, in a negative context, is becoming more and more relevant factor threatening security of citizens as well as the entire political and economic system.

  • Issue Year: 2008
  • Issue No: 3-4
  • Page Range: 329-348
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Bosnian