Characteristics of Hungarian Liberal Theology from the Perspective of Philosophical Theology Cover Image

A magyar teológiai liberalizmus jellemzői filozófia-teológiai megközelítésből
Characteristics of Hungarian Liberal Theology from the Perspective of Philosophical Theology

Author(s): Ábrahám Kovács
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Theology and Religion, Religion and science , Sociology of Religion, History of Religion
Published by: Erdélyi Református Egyházkerület
Keywords: liberal theology; orthodox theology; free thinking; world religions;

Summary/Abstract: This study intends to show the main traits of Hungarian liberal theology in the 19th century with a view to throw light upon its stance regarding the doctrines of the church. This work seeks to sketch out the characteristics of liberal theological ideas through the analysis of five major topics. The first theme deals with the issue concerning the pursuit of a real and accept-able theological enterprise, i.e. how liberal theology rearticulated what theology is, thereby un-intentionally contributing to the emergence of Science of Religion. This meant a drifting away from the field of traditional Protestant theology. Second, the work describes the radically different approaches of the traditional and modern, that is, liberal theological trends from the aspect of philosophy of religion. Third, we define the liberal theological concept regarding the fabric of religion, and then present its impact on ecclesiology which resulted in a fairly broad understanding of what the church really was. This ecclesiological departure from traditional theology is certainly a unique feature of liberalism. Its spirit transplanted a different anthropology into the church, by deifying the human being. Finally, the optimist view concerning reason is analysed, a commonly shared liberal opinion since the Enlightenment, which had readily professed faith as progress towards perfection.

  • Issue Year: 104/2011
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 29-54
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Hungarian