“Caffa’s logos” of Schiltberger Cover Image

«Кафский логос» Шильтбергера
“Caffa’s logos” of Schiltberger

Author(s): Alexander G. Emanov
Subject(s): History
Published by: Нижневартовский государственный университет
Keywords: Caffa; Crimea; 14th — 15th centuries; Hans Schiltberger; Heidelberg’s manuscript; Baden’s manuscript; Munich manuscript; Incunabula; Augsburg’s typography; Anton Sorg; urbs; burgus, antiburgus

Summary/Abstract: This article makes a comparative analyses of the Caffa's description in the manuscripts of Hans Schiltberger’s essay and incunabula. Here were reviewed the Heidelberg’s, Baden’s, and Munich’s manuscripts from the late 15th century, and also three Augsburg’s editions from 1476—1477, 1480, and 1486 years. The author proposed the discrepancies, post adjustment, have established priorities of first incunabula in relation to manuscripts, directly ascent to not preserved autograph. Here specify also Caffa’s status as the capital of the Black Sea, which recorded Schiltberger, also urban microstructure, in particular, allocating the grain of the city (urbs, castrum), surrounded by the castl’s wall, four burgs (burgus), separated by the second fortress’s wall, and the suburb (antiburgus). Here define six religious communities in Caffa, which were highlighted by Bavarian observer. Was critically examined quantified data of Schiltberger about Caffa.