Causes of the Impoverishment of Cities and the Urban Population Cover Image

Узроци осиромашења градова и градског становништва
Causes of the Impoverishment of Cities and the Urban Population

Author(s): Ranka Perić Romić
Subject(s): Civil Society, Social development, Family and social welfare, Rural and urban sociology, Sociology of Politics, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Fakultet političkih nauka Univerziteta u Banjoj Luci
Keywords: urbanization; gentrification; poverty; segregation; stigatiozation; impoverishment of population; urban population;

Summary/Abstract: Studying poverty in urban environments can be done from two aspects: inner factors, which imply municipality politics with the final goal of improvement of the city’s environment by making profit through income taxes, rents and fees for building licences and zoning permits; and external factors, which imply economical and political turmoil and necessary course of industrial progress followed by urbanization processes. The inner factors imply planned urban environment restructuring, and one of the ways is gentrification process and, also, homogenisation of the social heterogeneous urban areas. Urbanisation, as an external factor, is connected with the industrial and technical-technological progress. In advanced part of the world, urbanisation does the filtration of urban population in class hierarchical structure, due to labour market competitiveness, while the urbanisation of the Third world states reflects crisis made by social-political turmoil and by industrialisation that hasn’t achieved degree of growth in a way to be able to absorb incoming population from rural areas. Urban poverty is conditioned by specific features, which are vital for life in city surroundings, among all, inadequate and insufficient income, low level of education, subtenant and habitation in ghettos and slums, inadequate provision of public infrastructures and so on. A city is a spatial expression for social segregation and by that, generally, of poverty.

  • Issue Year: 2/2012
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 47-59
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Serbian