Implementation of Tanzimat in Niš During the Mandate of Midhat-Pasha in 1861–1864 Cover Image

Спровођење Танзимата у Нишу за време Мидхат-паше 1861–1864. године
Implementation of Tanzimat in Niš During the Mandate of Midhat-Pasha in 1861–1864

Author(s): Milan Ranđelović
Subject(s): Political history, Social history, 19th Century
Published by: Istorijski institut, Beograd
Keywords: Ahmed Midhat-pasha; Niš; Ottoman Empire; Tanzimat; modernisation

Summary/Abstract: Although the policy of the Ottoman Empire since 1839 was the equalization of rights of all subjects, implementation of this practice in everyday life posed a lot of problems. The biggest obstacle was a centurieslong relationship among Ottoman communities based on Shari’at. This flaw in the Sanjak of Niš was most obvious in the political and economic invisibility of Christians, especially the Serbs, who were the dominant population in this part of Rumelia. With the arrival of Midhat-pasha at the head of this Sanjak, the economic systems and mechanisms of the local government that maintained such inequality were removed. Thanks to his dedicated work on this matter, the economic and political situation in Niš began to reflect the real relations among the communities in this city. The local Serbs, as the largest population of the non-Muslim community in Niš, benefited the most. By resolving most of the problems that prevented their emancipation during his mandate, Midhat-pasha unintentionally struck the foundations for the development of modern Niš, which after 1878 continued to thrive further within the Principality of Serbia.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 67
  • Page Range: 223-246
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Serbian