Author(s): I. V. Vladlenova
Subject(s): Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Civil Society
Published by: Національний юридичний університет імені Ярослава Мудрого
Keywords: civil society; freedom; human rights; development factors; law;

Summary/Abstract: Problem setting: Civil society is a necessary incentive for the development and prosperity of the state. On the one hand, civil society is a relatively autonomous entity. Civil society does not depend on the political system. On the other hand, civil society influences politics.Recent research and publication analysis. The thinkers of the past explore a wide range of problems in the functioning and development of civil society: Aristotle, T. Hobbes, D. Locke, J. Rousseau. Modern researchers continue to study civil society: J.B. Rawls, C. Spurk, V.L. Bestor, S. J. Scott, N. L. Rosenblum, R.C. Post, J. L. Cohen, A. Arato, D. Pietrzyk, A. Seligman. Practical aspects: D.Cortright, M.Greenberg, D.Shelley Lane, Steven M. DeLue, Timothy M. Dale. At the same time, it should be stated that the issues of assessing the mutual influence of civil society and politics, practical and theoretical significance, are not sufficiently developed.Paper objective paper main body On the other hand, it influences political activity, administrative decisions, and actively participates in various public discussions. Creating and maintaining a healthy civil society is extremely important for the successful development and functioning of democratic political systems. The processes of globalization, computerization, an all-encompassing Internet form a new environment in which a new global ecosystem of society is emerging. This is a complex network of different people, groups, organizations, their relationships and interactions. The space needed for the formation of a civil society. Individual rights protected in this space, you can express your thoughts, not be afraid to challenge political decisions. There is also a need for a public (social and communicative) sphere in which people can express their thoughts, exchange views, news, for example, through social networks, secure communication means (such as Telegram, etc.). In this social space, norms and values are formed, originality and culture, features of the national mentality reflected; the possibility of mobilizing active participants in civil society, volunteers, and independent social movements acting as the leitmotif of civil society is being realized. The article studies the concept of "civil society". The article uses the method of historical and theoretical reconstruction. It is necessary to consider a complex concept from different sides. It is necessary to present its various aspects; to identify the factors of development and the reasons hindering the development of civil society. Different philosophical schools, classical liberalism, liberal egalitarianism, critical theory, pragmatism, feminism, natural law, and various religions offer their understanding. Conclusions of the research. There is no single concept of civil society. The parameters of civil society in different countries will differ. The main idea of civil society formed on the foundation of Greek philosophical thought and actualized in a modern pluralistic, liberal-democratic society. Civil society shaped to achieve specific goals, social change, or control over politicians. Although civil society has a political dimension, political parties are not an attribute of civil society.