THE GREAT NORTHERN WAR IN LADOGA KARELIA (1700−1710):  WAR AND LOCAL POPULATION Cover Image

Северная война в Северном Приладожье (1700–1710): военные действия и местное население
THE GREAT NORTHERN WAR IN LADOGA KARELIA (1700−1710): WAR AND LOCAL POPULATION

Author(s): A. V. Melnov
Subject(s): Military history, 18th Century
Published by: Петрозаводский государственный университет
Keywords: Great Northern War; Ladoga Karelia; Sortavala; Salmi; Kondu sconce; petty warfare; Karelia in the XVIII century;

Summary/Abstract: The goal of the article is to study the relationship between local population and the Swedish and Russian armies in Ladoga Karelia during the Great Northern War (1700–1710). The novelty of the study is that it is based on the analysis of Russian, Finnish and Swedish historiography and uses microhistorical approach. Besides some descriptions of the less known episodes of military history, the article also considers the problematic relationship between the Swedish and Russian armies and local population of different religious denominations. Some campaigns of the Swedish army against the “Kondu sconce” in September 1704 as well as Pyotr Apraxin’s campaign in Sortavala in February 1705 are also analyzed here. The article provides a review of the sea raids of Russian fleet in 1707 and 1708 around the northern coast of Ladoga Lake. Mass migration and religious conflicts led to the desertedness of this area. This situation strongly influenced the Orthodox and Lutheran population of the region. Yet the majority of the local population continued to live in Kexholm län (county) after the transition of power to Russian military administration. Key word: Great Northern War, Ladoga Karelia, Sortavala, Salmi, Kondu sconce, petty warfare, Karelia in the XVIII century

  • Issue Year: 2019
  • Issue No: 2 (179)
  • Page Range: 85-93
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Russian