Croats in Western Hungary in 1828: Social Structure and Economic Reality Cover Image

Hrvati u zapadnoj Ma|arskoj 1828. godine: društvena struktura i gospodarska stvarnost
Croats in Western Hungary in 1828: Social Structure and Economic Reality

Author(s): Željko Holjevac
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar

Summary/Abstract: The author gives basic information about the social circumstances and economic life in settlements of Burgenland (Gradi{}e) Croats in today's western Hungary according to the 1828 census. Fourteen contemporary settlements have been included: Petrovo Selo, Hrvatske [ice, Gornji ^atar, Narda, Temerje, Hrvatski @idan, Prisika, Plajgor, Unda, Koljnof, Vede{in, Umok, Kemlja and Bizonja. The subject of this census, archived in the Hungarian National Archives in Budapest, were people, houses and plots, wheat yields, fields, vineyards, orchards (especially plum orchards), large and small livestock, woods and inns. Based on numerical data from the census the author analyses the social relations and economic situation in the mentioned Burgenland-Croatian settlements in western Hungary, comparing them at the same time with quotes about Croats in western Ugarska (hist. Hungary) in the study of Slovak ethnographer Ján ^aplovi~ (Johann von Csaplovics) from that period. The 1828 census indicates that settlements of the west-Hungarian (Burgenland) Croats on the territory of today's west Hungary were, with regard to social structure and economic reality, markedly agricultural settlements, namely villages. Living in these and other settlements, Croats and other inhabitants constantly followed the same sociocultural pattern of life in rural communities, which as a rule participated very little in activities in a broader sense and at a time when modernisation was under way in the Habsburg Monarchy taking this middle European conglomerate of countries and peoples slowly from an obsolete feudal system into a newly emerging capitalist social horizon.

  • Issue Year: 14/2005
  • Issue No: 78+79
  • Page Range: 691-704
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Croatian