Roman roads in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina with a focus on newly discovered road section on the mountain Bišina Cover Image

Rimske komunikacije u sjeveroistočnoj Bosni sa posebnim osvrtom na novootkrivenu dionicu puta na planini Bišini
Roman roads in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina with a focus on newly discovered road section on the mountain Bišina

Author(s): Goran Popović
Subject(s): Archaeology, Economic history, Ancient World
Published by: Udruženje za proučavanje i promoviranje ilirskog naslijeđa i drevnih i klasičnih civilizacija “BATHINVS”
Keywords: Roman road;Ad Drinum;Bišina mountain;Kosovača;Mramorak;Pannonia Secunda;

Summary/Abstract: In this paper we are processing a newly discovered Roman road which is located on the mountain Bisina, in the northeast Bosnia. The road is paved with large stone blocks and it's long about 2,2 km. Approximate road width is about 2,5 and 3,5 meters. Namely, it is very difficult to determine the exact width because the curbs are missing on both sides of the road, while in some places the Roman road is partially covered with layers of soil. One local Roman road, visible in a length of about 550 m. connected the Roman settlement formed around Gradina in the village of Mramorka, where an early Christian basilica was discovered, with the mentioned Roman route. The remains of the Roman roads on Bišina can not be identified, based on written and epigraphic sources, with some of already confirmed Roman roads. Nevertheless, mentioned road can be approximately integrated into the network of Roman roads on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In my opinion, this direction is a continuation of the road that led from Salona to the interior of Dalmatia. It is the road that has been made during the administration of Publius Cornelius Dolabella, who connected the capital of the province of Dalmatia with the settlement of HE [....?] ASTEL [....?] DAESITATIVM. Findings on the ground indicated that one sequel of this Roman road has lead to the north. The assumed direction of the Roman road is: Breza / Dabravina -mountain Zvijezda - Konjuh - Kaštijelj - Bišina - Pantelići - Šeher - Matkovac - Caparde - Kulina - southeastern slopes Majevica - the valley of the river Sapna. This direction was the shortest communication between Salona and Sirmium. The discovery of the Roman road on the Bišina Mountain is very important because it indicates that inaccessible mountain massifs, which are now uninhabited and difficult to pass, were not an obstacle for the Romans during the construction of roads, as previously believed. Also, the discovery of the road indicates that we are still so far from the complete reconstruction of the Roman road network in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  • Issue Year: 2/2018
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 193-216
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Serbian