Author(s): Mikhail Petrovich Trebin
Subject(s): Civil Society, Government/Political systems, International relations/trade, Military policy, Developing nations, History and theory of political science, Inter-Ethnic Relations, Politics and Identity
Published by: Національний юридичний університет імені Ярослава Мудрого
Keywords: society; army; interaction; attributive concepts of interaction; relational concepts of interaction;

Summary/Abstract: Awareness of the complexity of the interaction between the army and society led to the creation of a number of modern concepts of interpretation of this interaction. In the most general logical and epistemological analysis of these concepts can be divided into two major classes: first class – attribute concepts that focus on the army as an attribute of society; second grade – relational concepts that focus on the interaction between the army and society in terms of relations elementary and complex communicative level. The attribute concepts, in turn, can be divided into systemic and structural and functional, synergistic, instrumental power and potential and volitional concept. Systemic and structural and functional concepts are associated with the identification of a complex systemic structure of society, that is, the aggregate of relations between the elements of the whole, preserving their stability under various kinds of transformations and changes and determining the role and place of each element, its functions in the life activity of this system (structure). Synergetic concept focuses on cooperative, coherent and self-consistent processes that occur in complex nonlinear systems, updates the first such aspects as self- organization, non-linearity, openness, fluctuations dissipative structures, structure-attractors and others. Instrumental and power concept focuses on methods of mass society and achieve social outcomes. This approach is instrumental function updates the army and army considers the nature of the interaction of society and in view of the power functions of the army, the need to ensure its normal functioning of society. Potentially and willed concept out of primate volitional component in the analysis of the interaction of the army and society.The relational concepts of interaction between the army and society interpret this process through the prism of social relations. Within the framework of the relational approach, behavioral, integrationist, communicative and poststructuralist concepts are distinguished. Behavioral concepts reduce the whole variety of the process of interaction between the army and society to the relations between them at the macro-, meso- and micro- levels. Interactions concept of considering the whole process of interaction between the army and the society as a special relationship, which act as a way to share resources between the subjects of social action or asymmetric interactions with the change of actors, roles in the distribution of zones of influence, as well as a kind of «stabilizer» in the total system of social relations, which provides a means of conflict management that constantly arise over the distribution and redistribution of material, human and other resources, social harmony and political consensus. Communication concept considering the process of interaction between the military and society as a hierarchic and multiply mediated mechanism of communication between the actors of social reality that is unfolding in the social field and space communications. Poststructuralist conception of the process under consideration army interaction and society, not just as the relationship of subjects, as well as a kind of modality of communication, that is, «long-term relationship», impersonal because his subjects are in every moment to stress the lines and proportions of mutual forces that are constantly changing .These concepts reflect different approaches to the analysis of the interaction between the army and society, identify trends and principles of cooperation, possible ways of harmonization within the dominant pattern of a concept. However, the holistic concept of interaction between the army and society can be created only examined the characteristics of this interaction in all spheres of life (economic, social, political and spiritual).