My brief history of ancient philosophy (V) Cover Image

Moja krótka historia filozofii starożytnej (V)
My brief history of ancient philosophy (V)

Author(s): Dobrochna Dembinska
Subject(s): Metaphysics, Theology and Religion, Ancient Philosphy, Philosophy of Mind
Published by: Warszawska Prowincja Redemptorystów
Keywords: One (hen); Intellect (nous); Soul (psyche); nature (physis); hypostasis (hypostasis); emanation; hierarchy; the world of the mind; the world of sensual; virtues; purification; ecstasy; unity;

Summary/Abstract: The author of the article discusses ancient philosophy in times of the Roman Empire, focusing on Praeneoplatonism and Neoplatonism. Praeneoplatonism includes the philosophers of the Middle-Platonism and Neopythagoreanism as well as Philo of Alexandria who created the foundation of the last great system of antiquity: Neoplatonism. The author focuses mainly on the views of Plotinus, stressing that the goal of his philosophy was to help listeners/readers unite with the highest cause, One. One is transcendent: is beyond being, is beyond cognition and beyond adjudicate; in constant creative process One emanates all that exists, like the Sun spreading the glow. The main concept is that the created entities form a hierarchy and that the condition of their existence is a continuous relationship with the cause, determining their nature and duration. One creates Intellect, then, the Intellect creates the Soul, the Soul: body of the world, which, together with the Soul, creates the world of senses. Man is, above all, the soul, although his body belongs to the sensual world. His duty is to find in himself a connection to the Soul and to the Intellect, and achieve unity with One.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 15
  • Page Range: 11-46
  • Page Count: 36
  • Language: Polish