All the papal men : Dalmatian bishopric seats in the 15th century between Rome and Venice Cover Image
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Svi papini ljudi : dalmatinska biskupska sjedišta u 15. stoljeću između Rima i Venecije
All the papal men : Dalmatian bishopric seats in the 15th century between Rome and Venice

Author(s): Jadranka Neralić
Subject(s): History, Cultural history, 15th Century, History of Religion
Published by: Историјски институт Црне Горe
Keywords: Dalmatia; Venice; Roman Curia; 15th century; canon law; cathedral chapter; episcopal election; papal reservation; Pope’s men; biography; ecclesiastical career

Summary/Abstract: In the introductory chapter the author shortly reviewed canon law rules which defined and regulated the episcopal elections in the period from the 11th to the end of the 14th century. A number of biographies of clerics whose promotion to the top of the ecclesiastical career (episcopal election) on the territory of Venetian Dalmatia, illustrate the system of papal provision as well as the influence the Venetian Senate had on their career formation and the episcopal election. The older Croatian scholarship asserted that by electing candidates who would be favourable to its government,the Venetian Republic had influenced the episcopal appointments in Dalmatian dioceses from the early 1420s, when it took over the dominion over the Eastern Adriatic coast. However, the process of episcopal appointments went rather slowly and gradually, following the strict canon law rules. Documents kept in the Vatican Secret Archives indicate that the popes widely used their right of provision based on canon law rules to appoint„their men“ and decidedly refused proposals coming from the Venetian Senate. Indeed, out of 63 bishops appointed in the nine Dalmatian dioceses under Venetian dominion, 46 were prelates of Venetian origin, coming either from Venice or the Veneto region, whereas only seven of them came from the Papal State. On the other hand, bishops of Dalmatian origin were only 17.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 53-82
  • Page Count: 30
  • Language: Croatian