Roles in the Serbian Wedding Ceremony in Prizren (a Lexical Semantic and Ethnolinguistic Approach) Cover Image

Улоге у српском призренском свадбеном обреду (лексичкосемантички и етнолинвистички приступ)
Roles in the Serbian Wedding Ceremony in Prizren (a Lexical Semantic and Ethnolinguistic Approach)

Author(s): Tanja Milosavljević
Subject(s): Customs / Folklore, Lexis, Semantics, South Slavic Languages, Cultural Anthropology / Ethnology, Philology
Published by: Српска академија наука и уметности
Keywords: Serbian speech in the Prizren area; terms for the participants in the wedding ceremony; lexis; semantics; ethnolinguistics

Summary/Abstract: In the system of customs and family ceremonies, a central place is assigned to the wedding ritual, due to the diversity of its elements and the complexity of the structure, which includes the symbolism of the ritual. In the wedding ritual of the Serbs of Prizren, we find ingrained the identity of the community, and its realization we find the actualization of essential characteristics of the community and its tradition. The wedding customs of the Prizren area have preserved a rudiment of Slavic archaic nature, but also the characteristics found only in local tradition, which are evident on the ethnographic and linguistic plane. The schema of the Prizren wedding scenario follows the steps of the prewedding, wedding and post-wedding ritual practices. On the linguistic plane, the scenario can be divided into simpler cognitive structures – the frames of traditional activities (matchmaking, reaching an agreement, the introductions, the wedding, gift-giving, visits), the frames of wedding activities, the frames of the participants and frames of the material goods. The wedding ritual lexicon reflects the process, agentive and object side of the ritual, at whose core we find fixed the names of individuals who are a part of the ritual. The micro system of nomina personalia with the hyperseme ‘participant in a wedding ceremony’ contains the names of the ritual subjects in the ritual act. The lexical-semantic micro-group is formed by smaller groups whose members are integrated by the meaning of elements of the ‘pre-wedding period’, the ‘wedding’, and the ‘period following the wedding’, which chronologically coordinate the role and function of the participants of the wedding ritual, and which are divided according to tradition, age-related features and kinship relations. Extra-linguistic segmentation of the wedding ritual has conditioned a linguistic classification, a constellation of lexemes with the ritual semantics and the paradigm within the micro-group. The lexical base of this research is the Zbirka reči iz Prizrena written by Dimitrije Čemerikić29, which chronologically speaking belongs to the first half of the 20th century. The lexical build of this ritual semantics, as found in the Zbirka reči iz Prizrena is illustrated by rich ethnographic material, while the ethnological documents offer insight into the complexity of the ritualcustom practices in the Prizren area and enables us to delve deeper into the layers of the semantic structure of the lexicon of this type, and the extraction of the lingua-cultural specifi cities of this area.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 7
  • Page Range: 195-214
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Serbian