The Medieval Beginnings of Magyarization Cover Image

Средњовековни почеци мађаризације
The Medieval Beginnings of Magyarization

Author(s): Dušan Berić
Subject(s): Social history, Middle Ages, Period(s) of Nation Building, Inter-Ethnic Relations
Published by: Српска академија наука и уметности

Summary/Abstract: This work shows that Magyarization dates back to the Middle Ages, and that it was associated with the Magyars’ plan to turn the multinational Hungary into a monoethnic Magyar state, using any means available, even though by the end of the eighteenth century the number of Magyars in the country amounted to less than one third of the population. Even at that time, it was almost a common fact that the Magyars showed awareness that this process is what keeps them unified at all times. In their struggle for survival, the self-preservation instinct made Slavic people on the Hungarian soil as well as the Romanians, develop the power to resist assimilation, whereas the Germans of the region, except for the Transylvanian Saxons, showed no such resistance; in Germans, it wouldn’t start to form until 1848. In its initial stages, the prime purpose of Magyarization was to magyarize the original names of places. Just for how long that was the case will be explained elsewhere. The facts became even clearer when the sources started to reveal more detailed accounts of the initial phases of Magyarization, as well as of its later developments. The Magyars soon turned their policy towards magyarizing personal names of the previously mentioned peoples , especially the Slovaks. The policy of Magyarizing the Slavs was a matter of cooperation with the Vatican, but later it went on to cause misunderstandings between them, although it never led to any conflicts, or separation.