Germany Between East and West Cover Image

Немачка између истока и запада
Germany Between East and West

Author(s): Bernd Rabehl
Subject(s): Political history, Social history, Recent History (1900 till today)
Published by: Српска академија наука и уметности
Keywords: Germany; east; West; bolshevik revolution 1917; WWI; WWII; talcott Parsons; ernst Jünger

Summary/Abstract: Author reviews German political ideas in last hundred years focusing: 1. on the russian revolution of 1917 that has had a huge impact also on Germany. 2. His special interest is directed towards two important authors: talcott Parsons and ernst Jünger. In author’s view, the ideas of these two men played a significant (and today rather neglected) role in shaping post-war German academic life. Parsons (1902–1979) American sociologist who, after doing fis PhD in Germany, was professor at Harvard University from 1927 to 1973. As a functionalist, he was concerned with how elements of society were functional for a society. He was also concerned with social order, but argued that order and stability in a society are the result of the influence of certain values in society, rather than structure such as economic system. Jünger (1895–1998) was a German writer; in 1932 he published The Worker (Der Arbeiter), which called for the creation of an activist (participative) society run by warrior-worker-scholars. Author is clearly on the of Jünger’s side; he believes that Parsons philosophy is alien to the German tradition. Author is convinced that in the future Jünger’s idea will play important role in the German political life. Author as a strong critic of Parsons opposes total Americanization of Germany. The United states, since 1945, has systematically endeavored to impose its own political model on europe. This political system, which author calls “liberal materialism” has, in his opinion, completely taken over Germany.